remembers democracy pioneer
By Loa Iok-sin and
Sunday, Apr 05, 2009, Page 1
|A dance troupe
performs outside the house where democracy movement pioneer Deng Nan-jung
set himself on fire. The event was part of a memorial event arranged by
the Deng Liberty Foundation yesterday.
PHOTO: LO PEI-DER, TAIPEI TIMES
The Deng Nan-jung Memorial Hall yesterday marked the 20th anniversary of the death of democracy movement pioneer Deng Nan-jung (鄭南榕) with a renewed pledge to push for freedom and human rights.
On April 7, 1989, Deng, then editor-in-chief of Freedom Era Weekly (自由時代週刊), set himself on fire as heavily armed police attempted to break into his office following his 71 days of self-imposed isolation after he was charged with sedition for the anti-government views expressed in his magazine, which published a draft “Republic of Taiwan constitution” in 1988.
The site of that office was later named Deng Nan-jung Memorial Hall in commemoration of his bravery in calling for “100 percent freedom of expression.”
At the commemoration yesterday, cellist Ouyang Hui-ru (歐陽慧儒) played folk music and poet Lee Min-yung (李敏勇) read a poem in memory of Deng.
Kenneth Chiu (邱晃泉), chairman of the Deng Liberty Foundation, said the foundation would continue to advocate freedom, democracy and human rights with Deng’s spirit in mind, and that he hoped the memorial hall would one day be an internationally known human rights museum.
Born in Taiwan in 1947 to a Mainlander family, Deng clearly and publicly voiced his support for Taiwanese independence on numerous occasions in the 1980s — a time when such statements could bring charges of sedition.
A libertarian, Deng believed in freedom of expression and established Freedom Era Weekly in 1984 in pursuit of what he called “100 percent freedom of expression.”
Many young Internet users yesterday remembered him by changing their screen names to a well-known quote by Deng.
A number of people online appeared with screen names like “My name is Nathan, I support independence for Taiwan” or “My name is Kai, I support independence for Taiwan” on social networks such as Plurk.com, MSN Live Messenger or Gtalk in a coordinated action to memorialize Deng.
In 1987, Deng made a widely known statement when delivering a speech at a rally in Taipei: “My name is Deng Nan-jung, I support independence for Taiwan.”
The statement could have gotten him into trouble because the issue of independence was taboo under Martial Law. However, Deng insisted on openly declaring his political ideology because he believed that freedom of expression was a fundamental right for all people.
Nathan, an Internet user who initiated the action on Plurk.com on Friday, said that he was inspired to do so after watching a documentary on Deng and reading a blog entry by an Internet user last year that criticized the public for forgetting the price that Taiwan had paid for freedom of speech.
Without advertising the action through the mass media, the number of people who joined Nathan’s online memorial had passed 100 as of yesterday afternoon.
“When you know that you enjoy the freedom you have right now because someone sacrificed his life for it, you don’t have any excuse to not join in,” said Huang Man-ting (黃曼婷), a university student. “Someone may think it’s a stupid project, but at least you should learn to show your friends your political ideology and tell your friends what you believe in.”
While most people chose to join the action using only their online nicknames, Huang is one of the few people who did so with her real name on Plurk.com, MSN and Gtalk.
“The coordination is meaningless if you use your nickname. If Deng fought for 100 percent freedom of speech, we cannot discount it,” she said. “The KMT is still so arrogant because they know most Taiwanese are too afraid of getting into trouble.”
The action will continue until Tuesday, which marks the 20th anniversary of Deng’s death.
matters in exchanges with China
Sunday, Apr 05, 2009, Page 8
‘The primary consideration is the PRC’s political goals; nothing can be allowed to threaten the CCP’s hold on power.’
In the last few weeks, Amway tourist groups from China flaunted their wealth as if they were the saviors of the Taiwanese economy; the Taiwan Hakka Forum Association threw its support behind a cross-strait economic cooperation framework agreement; and the World Buddhist Forum allowed a politically inclined monk to defame the Dalai Lama and promote unification of Taiwan, Tibet and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and distort the tone of the forum.
At the same time, Chinese liberals who had been invited to attend an international symposium in Taiwan on rebuilding Chinese liberalism were harassed by PRC police after receiving visas from Taiwan and warned that they could not attend “anti-communist activities organized by overseas hostile forces.”
Taiwan’s accelerating implementation of policies that allow cross-strait exchanges between experts and that boost Chinese tourism to Taiwan are clearly suffering from ongoing and inappropriate intervention by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) regime.
How the CCP decides whether Chinese nationals should visit Taiwan has nothing to do with what benefits accrue from cross-strait understanding, trust and friendship or improving the lives of people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. Instead, the primary consideration is the PRC’s political goals; nothing can be allowed to threaten the CCP’s hold on power.
But Beijing really does not understand that politically distorted cross-strait exchanges can only deepen mutual disrespect and probably serve to foment hostile nationalist sentiment on both sides.
Taiwan has a fertile environment, open-minded people and the space for thought necessary for the freedom that China lacks. And its experience is worth presenting to Chinese people for their consideration: It exhibits a continuation of Chinese culture, as well as the influences of Western and Eastern cultures, which are integrated with the traditions of local ethnic groups.
The resulting rich, diverse and dynamic culture of Taiwan enjoys political freedom that empowers people and gives them the courage to oppose the CCP.
The government should therefore encourage tourist organizations to include the National Taiwan Museum, the Taipei 228 Memorial Park, Eslite bookstores, the National Chiang Kai-shek Cultural Center, Liberty Square, Taipei Arena, Taipei Movie Street, and the Legislative Yuan in their itineraries for Chinese tourists.
Private firms and the media, meanwhile, should restrict their connection to or coverage of activities that sell out Taiwan.
Aside from officials, businesspeople and other privileged groups, exchanges should be expanded with civil society and intellectuals so that the Taiwanese public can gain a more complete and true picture of China, and so that they can identify the long-term interests and benefits for the nation and for people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait.
Only if people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait unite in promoting democracy in China will the self-determination of the Taiwanese public be guaranteed.
Tseng Chien-yuan is an assistant professor of public administration at Chung Hua University.